Active Shooter Resources

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An active shooter is an individual actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill people in a confined and other populated area. In most cases, active shooters use firearms and there is no pattern or method to their selection of victims. Active shooter situations are unpredictable and evolve quickly. All employees can help prevent and prepare for potential active shooter situations. The following resources are available to help you incorporate active shooter strategies and policy.

Active Shooter Preparedness - DHS

The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) aims to enhance preparedness through a "whole community" approach by providing training, products, and resources to a broad range of stakeholders on issues such as active shooter awareness, incident response, and workplace violence. In many cases, there is no pattern or method to the selection of victims by an active shooter, and these situations are, by their very nature , unpredictable and evolve quickly. DHS offers free courses, materials, and workshops to better prepare you to deal with an active shooter situation and to raise awareness of behaviors that represent pre-incident indicators and characteristics of active shooters.

Active Shooter Preparedness

Active Shooter/Mass Casualty Incidents - FBI

Although local and state law enforcement agencies are virtually always the first ones on the scene, the FBI has played a large role in supporting the response to every major incident in recent years and has much to offer in terms of capacity, expertise, specialized capabilities, training, and resources before and after an incident occurs. The FBI is committed to working with its partners to protect schools, workplaces, houses of worship, transportation centers, other public gathering sites, and communities. The successful prevention of these active shooter incidents lies with a wide range of public and private entities all working together. To that end, the FBI provides operational, behaviorally-based threat assessment and threat management services to help detect and prevent acts of targeted violence helping academic, mental health, business, community, law enforcement, and government entities recognize and disrupt potential active shooters who may be on a trajectory toward violence.

Active Shooter/Mass Casualty Incidents

Active Shooter Resources Available for Community Preparedness - FEMA

Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) Active Shooter page helps emergency management professionals address community preparedness needs related to active shooters. These resources can help the whole community safely cope with an active shooter situation before as well as after law enforcement and other responders arrive on the scene. This online resource offers guidelines, checklists, plans, lessons learned, after action reports and many other response and recovery resources.

Active Shooter Resources Available for Community Preparedness

Active Shooter Events from 2000 to 2013 - FBI

The FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin has prepared an article called Active Shooter Events from 2000 to 2012. In addition, a newly-released study by the FBI has been released based on active shooter incidents from 2000 to 2013. The goal of these articles is to provide information into what data tells us about an effective active shooter incidents and response.

A Study of Active Shooter Incidents in the United States Between 2000 and 2013

Active Shooter Events from 2000 to 2012

Active Shooter Printable Documents

These documents are available for you to print, use and disseminate in your companies.

A Study of Active Shooter Incidents in the United States Between 2000 and 2013 (pdf)

Active Shooter Study: Quick Reference Guide (pdf)

ALERRT Report on U.S. Active Shooter Events (pdf)

FERPA Guidance (pdf)

HIPAA Guidance (pdf)

Planning and Response in a Health Care Setting (pdf)

Sandy Hook Advisory Commission Final Report (pdf)

Active Shooter Course - FEMA

This course provides guidance to individuals, including managers and employees, so that they can prepare to respond to an active shooter situation. This course is not written for law enforcement officers, but for non-law enforcement employees. The material may provide law enforcement officers information on recommended actions for non-law enforcement employees to take should they be confronted with an active shooter situation.

FEMA Active Shooter Course

Jurisdiction in Active Shooter Incidents - FBI

Below is an explanation of the FBI's jurisdiction in active shooter incidents and the assistance the FBI provides to prevent and respond to active shooter incidents.

Active Shooter Incidents Jurisdiction

Report on Active Shooter Campus Attacks - FBI

Below is a report from the Federal Bureau of Investigation, United States Secret Service, and United States Department of Education describing instances of targeted violence affecting institutions of higher education. The report offers preliminary findings from a review of 272 incidents of violence that affected institutions of higher education in the United States from 1900 through 2008. It addresses fundamental questions regarding where, when, and how these incidents occurred, and captures information concerning the offenders and their relationship to the institutions. When possible, the report also identified factors that may have motivated or triggered the attacks.

Report on Active Shooter Campus Attacks

Revisiting Active-Shooter Protocols for Schools - FBI

An effective response requires school specific planning and coordination grounded in local conditions. The below article addresses that time period between the first contact with an armed intruder on school grounds and the arrival of help. By examining this from the perspective of school personnel, the article suggests that the police should be considered second responders. Unless a situation begins with the shooter confronting a school resource officer, the first reaction will come from individuals whose professional orientation is far removed from armed conflict. The article provides information to promote the development of better tactical and training options for the civilians whose reactions will define the incident until the police arrive.

Revisiting Active-Shooter Protocols for Schools

Workplace Violence Prevention Readiness and Response - FBI

Workplace violence is a prevalent and complex problem. While certain high-profile, catastrophic incidents have drawn the attention of the media and the public, numerous events go unreported. Workers should learn about workplace violence, recognize the behaviors of concern, and remember that awareness + action = prevention. If an incident does occur, they should be able to distinguish a hostage taker from an active shooter so that they can determine how to behave to increase their chances of survival. Research has shown that many of these situations are over in minutes, and law enforcement may not arrive in time. As a result, employees have to become stakeholders in their own safety and security and develop a survival mind-set comprised of awareness, preparation, and rehearsal. Vigorous prevention programs, timely intervention, and appropriate responses by organizations and their employees will contribute significantly to a safe and secure work environment. Below is an article categorizing the four main types of workplace violence, along with strategies for prevention, intervention, survival, and response.

Workplace Violence Prevention Readiness and Response

Video: Run. Hide. Fight. Surviving an Active Shooter Event - FBI

Below is a video entitled "Run. Hide. Fight.: Surviving an Active Shooter Event" which explains what actions to take in the event of an active shooter event.

Run. Hide. Fight. Surviving an Active Shooter Event

Addressing the Problem of the Active Shooter: Law Enforcement Assistance - FBI

The FBI's efforts include three areas of support. First, before an incident occurs, agencies can obtain no-cost, active-shooter training close to home by submitting a request via the ALERRT website. The site provides general information, requirements for hosting a school in a particular area, and registration materials. Second, experts in the FBI's Behavioral Analysis Unit (BAU) are available to conduct threat assessments and develop threat mitigation strategies for persons of concern. BAU is part of the FBI's Critical Incident Response Group, home to the FBI's most sophisticated tactical assets. Each FBI field office has a BAU representative to the FBI's National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crimes (NCAVC). The NCAVC focuses its efforts not on how to respond tactically to an active-shooter situation, but, rather, how to prevent one. These experts can work as part of a team to prevent a situation from escalating by identifying, assessing, and managing the threat. Third, all FBI field offices are hosting a series of two day crisis management conferences during 2013 to engage with their state, local, tribal, and campus law enforcement partners and share lessons learned and best practices. The conferences afford attendees an opportunity to share and hear details gleaned from the many after-action reviews the FBI has participated in and observed with involved law enforcement agencies. These provide a plethora of details on how best to deal with unique and complex aspects of these situations, as well as FBI resources available to assist in incident response, management, and resolution. Below are some of the active shooter training resources the FBI offers to state, local, tribal, and campus law enforcement partners.

Addressing the Problem of the Active Shooter: Law Enforcement Assistance